International Network for the
Availability of Scientific Publications
No. 14, May 2000
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Co-publishing is a way of sharing some
of the expenses involved in the publishing process. The
gains can be considerable, particularly with publications
that have a large audience, such as school books. But
publishing the same educational materials across
different countries, languages and cultures has its own
Asia/Pacific Co-publication Programme
UNESCO is involved in a number of different
publishing programmes. Many involve regional
co-operation. A good example is the Asia/Pacific
Co-publication Programme (ACP). It is run by the
Asia/Pacific Cultural Centre for UNESCO (ACCU). Since
1991 this has been one of their Asia/Pacific Cooperative
Programme in Reading and Book Development activities.
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The workshop programme on 'Using the Internet', which is currently travelling between African university libraries, has been featured in the two previous INASP Newsletters. The third workshop in the series took place at University of Zambia Library in March 2000 and plans are under way for the Balme Library at the University of Ghana, Legon to host the fourth workshop in June 2000.
For those readers interested in studying the content of the workshops, INASP has now loaded the course materials on its Web site: www.inasp.info/lsp/internet Access is free, although users are asked to complete a registration form (so that usage can be monitored) and abide by the copyright regulations. The course materials available are those provided for participants: daily timetables, slide presentations, handouts and exercises. Not included are those materials specifically aimed at the facilitators, e.g.
daily guidelines, lecture notes, etc.
African Journals Online: Evaluation and Expansion
The May 1998 issue of INASP Newsletter recorded the launch of the pilot project of African Journals Online (AJOL). It aimed to promote the awareness and use of African-published journals in science and technology, by offering access to tables of contents or the full text of journals via the Internet. Since then, the pilot project has been evaluated and a greatly expanded AJOL is due for re-launch in mid-2000.
The evaluation of the two-year pilot project was completed in January 2000. (Copies of the report are available on request to INASP.) Key conclusions are:
With the assistance of funds from NORAD, INASP will launch a fully expanded AJOL programe in mid-2000. Features of the new service include:
African Journals Online is accessible at: www.inasp.info/ajol
Regional Professional Library Associations
University libraries in the 21st century
An outline of this support programme was given in the November 1999 Newsletter.
The Standing Conference of African University Libraries Western Area (SCAULWA) met in Accra in November 1999.
Six papers were presented on the theme University Libraries in the 21st Century and the proceedings of the conference are being prepared for publication. The Association was successfully relaunched and an Executive Committee elected and charged with the implementation of a two year programme. This includes a bi-annual Newsletter to keep members in touch with each other and two activities to be completed before the next meeting: a Directory of University Libraries in West Africa and a Survey of Technology Adoption by University Libraries in West Africa. The next meeting will take place in 2001 in Ghana with the theme 'Networking for Resource Sharing in University Libraries in West Africa'.
The sister association to SCAULWA, the Standing Conference of African National and University Libraries in East, Central and Southern Africa (SCANUL-ECS) met in Windhoek, Namibia on 10 and 11 April 2000. The theme of the meeting was sustainable funding of African national and university libraries and 44 participants from 18 countries attended. Of these, 23 were supported by INASP.
During the previous SCANUL-ECS in 1998, a recommendation was made that SCANUL-ECS should develop the capacity to conduct a study on sustainable financing in the region and make information available to member libraries. The research was undertaken by Kay Raseroka of University of Botswana and Diana Rosenberg of INASP. Entitled 'Library Incomes: A Survey of African University Libraries in the SCANUL-ECS Region', the research was presented at the meeting, along with other papers. Librarians were urged to recognise that they must actively search for additional sources of funding rather than rely on subventions from the parent body and should prepare business plans. Case studies of libraries where successful income generation had taken place were commissioned. SCANUL-ECS agreed to appoint a consultant to assist in developing common guidelines and standards in the areas of income generation. Further training for librarians in financial management and advocacy strategies was considered very important for the future of library funding.
Public Libraries in Africa
A report and Annotated Bibliography
Over the past ten years much has been written in the professional press about the state of and role for public libraries in Africa. The overall impression has been one of declining budgets and failures in established public library services. In the midst of this overall trend, however, there have been some notable achievements in alternative and innovative approaches to the provision of a public library service in Africa.
Public Libraries in Africa: A Report and Annotated Bibliography provides an analysis of these trends, based on literature reviews of recent publications and reports from selected countries in Africa.
The study that resulted in the compilation of this book is a first step in a process being undertaken in order to initiate a programme to revitalise services to the public so that they can fulfil their role of providing relevant information to the majority of the population. Without access to this information, the people will not be empowered to participate in the development that is necessary for the improvement of their living standards.
The book comes with an extensive annotated bibliography and country reports. The information provided in these is drawn together into a short synthesis report which summarises the overall position of public library services and proposes directions in which services to the public should be moving. A short additional literature review is also included.
The consensus of opinion arising from the study is that African librarians need to rethink what a public library service is all about. Public libraries in Africa need to be more aggressive and introduce services that are attractive to their users. Librarians must get to know their potential users, and not automatically assume that they are simply students and school children who use a library only for study purposes.
The introduction of alternative services, and a balance between the services offered to urban and rural populations, are areas requiring particular attention. The report suggests that long-term realistic strategic plans are required for public library development. Such plans should be prepared on a country basis and should be founded on professionally conducted user-needs and user-satisfaction surveys.
Public Libraries in Africa: A Report and Annotated Bibliography.
Oxford: International Network for the Availability of Scientific
Publications (INASP), 2000. 199p.
ISBN 1 902928 00 8
Price: £15.00 + p&p.
The publication can be ordered from INASP. A limited number of complimentary copies is available for libraries in Africa.
Work in Progress
A Selected Review of ICT Related Studies/Projects in sub-Saharan Africa:
by Catherine Nyaki Adeya
One of the key by-products of this period of rapid technological development and the on-going information revolution is incessant change. This transformation - which embodies social, economic, political, technical and cultural processes - is affecting nearly all economies and creating tremendous challenges and opportunities in its wake. African countries will not be and have not been spared, although there is still concern that the gap with the rest of the world is increasing. Within this context, there are many studies and initiatives concerned with ensuring that African countries are prepared to meet the challenges of this information age and the key seems to revolve around access to ICTs and ICT policy development in general.
With all the noise surrounding the potential of ICT for Africa's development, where is the evidence? Are ICTs actually changing the 'shape' of Africa? Do the findings from past studies support the policy advice being given to African governments? The researcher is not intending to provide an exhaustive analysis of initiatives and research on ICTs in sub-Saharan Africa (though there are some from other parts of the continent) but to attempt to synthesise the work that has been done in this area, to give flavour and show the types of studies being conducted and to justify further empirical research.
|INASP-HEALTH UPDATE||Go to top|
It is tempting to point a finger at the
pharmaceutical industry, whose promotional practices can
encourage the over-use of drugs, as well as sales of
drugs that are inappropriate and unnecessarily expensive.
We should expect companies to provide consistently
reliable information about their products. However, it is
the responsibility of governments and health
professionals to ensure that comparative information is
produced and distributed, and to provide a context which
supports the safe, effective and economical use of drugs.
In countries where self-medication, even with
prescription drugs, is a fact of life it is essential
that information for consumers is usable (performance
tested) and complete.
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Conference of Science Editors (IFSE-10/ IFSE-Rio) will
focus on new publishing methods and their implications
for publishers world-wide.
|International awards to support
co-operation in health research for development
Call for applications
A number of International Health Research Awards will be made in association with the International Conference on Health Research for Development to be held in Bangkok, Thailand in October 2000. The awards, funded by the Rockefeller Foundation, are intended to encourage co-operation between institutions to enable the environment for health research. Applications are invited from institutions in Africa, Latin America, the Caribbean, South and South East Asia, China, the Pacific islands, the Middle East, or Eastern Europe.
Proposals are requested from partnerships of institutions representing, or proposing to create, national or regional initiatives targeting several of the following themes:
Preference will be given to proposals that meet the following criteria:
These non-renewable awards will cover a 2 to 3 year
project period and will likely total between US$200,000
and US$300,000 each. Applications should identify one
lead institution to receive and manage the award. This
institution should hold charitable, not-for-profit
status, and the proposed activities must not include
advocacy efforts that involve lobbying for legislation.
Awards to individuals will not be considered.
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Dutch HIVOS adopts
comprehensive ICT policy
Until remarkably recently, few agencies working with developing countries took ICT as an issue worth focusing entire projects on. Although most development co-operation programmes had an ICT component, this was often limited to establishing the IT infrastructure required for the achievement of objectives of an entirely different nature. It was not until the full social and cultural impact of modern ICT became more apparent that the medium itself received its current recognition as a potential agent of change in its own right. This is forcing donor agencies to rethink the role of ICT in their strategies. One of the first organisations to place ICT at the very centre of its activities is Dutch HIVOS. In February 2000, the HIVOS board adopted its policy paper, 'Access for all: Equal opportunities in cyberspace'.
Cyberspace is progressively shaking the foundations of traditional operations, management, internal communication and government policy. It narrows the gap between producers and consumers, between employers and employees, between teachers and students, between parents and children. Classical role patterns are being reversed.
But the introduction of widespread access to the Internet and other ICT applications in developing countries faces major obstacles related to access, infrastructure, priorities, cost, skills, gender, culture and censorship.
Despite these obstacles, the influence of ICT is growing, and intelligent, creative and locally adapted applications are emerging in many fields. ICT opens up completely new opportunities for developing countries to operate successfully on economic (global) markets, especially for small market players. Fast and easy access to information and knowledge is crucial in healthcare. The Internet offers a wealth of new opportunities for education and science. The Internet has given rise to a wave of new information media. The rise of the Internet has forced international institutions and national governments to be more open and transparent and can be a powerful weapon for democracy movements under certain conditions. The rise in power and influence of NGOs that operate internationally is largely attributable to effective use of information technology.
Promising as the opportunities offered by ICTs may seem, the digital information revolution shows all signs of creating a 'digital divide', both world-wide and within national societies, especially in developing countries. Considerable public and private investments are justified in fighting this divide. And although arguments exist against spending development funds on ICT (in areas without a reliable supply of drinking water or even a telephone network, the need for Internet access is questionable and investing more in ICT may mean investing less in other fields of development), being deprived of access to information and knowledge is one of the factors that exacerbates poverty.
Access to information and knowledge implies access to power. Accordingly, Hivos has a unique opportunity to use ICTs to improve the position of marginalised individuals and to enhance the power of its partners in the South via access to information and knowledge.
Recognition of the fact that ICT has a large impact on the practice of Hivos and on its network in developing countries has led to the following general policy objective:
Hivos aims to support NGOs (and their target groups) in developing countries actively in using the opportunities provided by the information revolution. This programme will further the struggle against the imminent world-wide digital divide compounding the existing gap between rich and poor.
Skills and expertise
Hivos' ICT policy includes a logical focus on the people who do not yet use or make very little use of opportunities provided by ICT. Giving them all personal access to ICTs via a computer, however, is unrealistic and undesirable. Accordingly, Hivos will involve local NGOs that have or hope to acquire ICT expertise and help them develop the skills required, such as general computer skills, systems-related knowledge, web and content management skills, vision of strategic applications of ICTs within the organisation and for the target groups, etc.
HIVOS' full policy document (in Word) can be found at:
www.hivos.nl/Aktueel/2000/April and is called:
ACCESS FOR ALL-SUMPART.doc
More information from:
2596 HL The Hague
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New INASP publications
Book Marketing & Promotion:
A Handbook of Good Practice
This handbook is a compendium of practical advice on all aspects of book marketing and promotion for publishers, particularly those in developing countries. It aims to assist not only publishers but it will also prove to be valuable for use by non-profit organisations with publishing activities.
Organised into 17 information-packed chapters, the book provides tips and ideas on how to maximise sales and sets out the different types of marketing methods, techniques, and approaches, with each chapter providing guidelines for good practice. Model forms, checklists, and other kinds of documentation are included throughout the book.
By Hans M Zell
ca. 416 pp.
ISBN 0-9522989-9-6 £35.00/$63.00
Publication date: June 2000
Resources permitting, a complimentary distribution to appropriate developing country institutions will be made in response to requests on a first come, first served basis.
For more details and the complete table of contents, see: www.inasp.info/psi/bmp/index.html
Exclusively distributed by:
African Books Collective Ltd.
The Jam Factory
Web site: www.africanbookscollective.com Two new agricultural publishing guides under preparation
The manuscripts for two practical manuals A Guidebook on Journal Publishing for Agricultural and Rural Development, by Anthony Youdeowei and A Practical Guide to Marketing and Promotion for Agricultural and Rural Development Publications, by Bridget Impey, are being prepared by INASP in collaboration with CTA are nearing completion and should be available in the autumn.
Electronic Journal Publishing: A Reader
INASP has just received funding from the National Academy of Sciences, USA to update and expand Electronic Journal Publishing: A Reader. Janet Hussein of the Scientific Association of Zimbabwe has offered to compile the new edition, which is aimed directly at those contemplating electronic journal publishing for the first time.
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|The INASP Newsletter Notice Board is a public
forum for organisations and institutions wishing to
advertise their projects, activities, offers or requests.
Short contributions can be sent to the editor at INASP.
Medinfo 2001: Towards Global Health -
The Informatics Route to Knowledge
Information and knowledge are becoming increasingly important for the effective delivery and management of healthcare. The use of knowledge in information systems and broad use of computing (informatics) will inevitably lead to a higher quality of healthcare provision. As the co-chairs of the Scientific Programme Committee, Professors Hasman (Netherlands) and Takeda (Japan) say 'Much attention will be paid within the medinfo2001 Congress to the ways to obtain, exchange and use the Informatics Route to Knowledge and contribute Towards Global Health'.
Medinfo2001, the tenth triennial world congress on informatics in support of health, will be held 2-5 September 2001 in London, UK. It will be hosted by the British Computer Society Health Informatics Groups for the International Medical Informatics Association. The web site www.medinfo2001.org gives details of the programme topics, exhibition opportunities and social events, alongside an invitation to submit an application for bursary support to attend.
Sharing solutions of interest to countries in transition, and showcasing the developments of those countries, are two themes that run through both the scientific programme and the exhibition element of the Congress. Contributions are invited for papers, tutorials, workshops, demonstrations and posters by the closing date, 1 December 2000.
The Call for Participation (as a presenter, delegate or exhibitor) is available on the web or by e-mail from:
The Medinfo2001 Secretariat
PO Box 94
Worcestershire, WR13 5YB UK
Fax: + 44 (0)1886 833843
Healthlink Worldwide's Manual for Resource Centres
(By Sarah Dutton)
Access to locally relevant information is essential for the continuing education of health workers and to help them provide effective health care. One way Healthlink Worldwide meets that need is through practical newsletters- AIDS Action, Child Health Dialogue, Disability Dialogue, and Health Action. In addition, Healthlink Worldwide has worked for 21 years to improve access to information through the development of resource centres. This experience has been gathered together in a new manual for trainers and those planning to set up, develop or evaluate a resource centre. The manual includes examples, tips, illustrations, check and resource lists, and is applicable to any size of resource centre.
It has been an interesting experience co-authoring this publication, as the dynamic nature of some topics has meant several updates before publication. We decided to design and distribute the manual as a living document that will evolve and be updated with use. The printed version comes in a ring binder, and electronic versions enable easy access and adaptation of the text to local needs.
The text has been tested recently in a training course in Mozambique, and will soon be used for a course in the Middle East. The manual is available in Arabic and Portuguese, as well as English. We would like feedback on both the content and format, as well as suggestions to include in the manual or training exercises.
The electronic version of the manual is available free of charge in full text and Rich Text Format (RTF) files from the Healthlink Worldwide web site ( www.healthlink.org.uk ). Printed copies cost £9.50 for developing countries and £14.50/US$23.50 elsewhere.
START Young Scientist Award Program
To recognise the achievements of outstanding young scientists from developing countries in Africa, Asia and Oceania, the International START Secretariat is requesting nominations for the START Young Scientist Award Program. Award decisions will be based on a journal article published by the young scientist (preferably in English). In keeping with START's mission of conducting research on regional aspects of global change, the article should focus on some aspect of global change research that is being conducted on a regional level or has a strong regional focus.
Awards, which include an honorarium, will be made to scientists from developing countries in each of the START regions: Africa, South Asia, Southeast Asia, East Asia and Oceania. Award announcements are expected to be made in August 2000.
Applicants for the START Young Scientist Awards must be 40 years of
age or younger. In the case of multi-authored articles, the applicant
should be the lead author of the article. The article should have
been published within the last two years.
Recipients of START Fellowship/ Visiting Scientist Awards are strongly encouraged to submit articles they may have published based on research conducted with START support.
Articles will be reviewed in consultation with the respective START Regional Centers/Secretariats and by a special review committee. Applicants or nominators should submit one journal article and a brief biography to:
Ms. Amy Freise
International START Secretariat
2000 Florida Avenue, NW, Suite 200
Washington, DC 20009
Phone: + 1 (0)202 462-2213
Fax: + 1 (0)202 457-5859
The deadline for submission of nominations is June 16, 2000.
Global Knowledge 2000
Those who were unable to attend the Global Knowledge conference in Kuala Lumpur earlier this year can read the proceedings and many of the papers at the conference's web site at www.globalknowledge.org which has recently been updated. The conference's main achievement was reaching consensus on a draft action plan for the GK Partnership. The plan comprises over twenty projects addressing the conference's three themes: access, empowerment and government and its four cross-cutting issues: youth, gender, local knowledge and the media.
The draft of the proceedings is at: www.globalknowledge.org/docs/actionsummit-10mar.doc
Call for Research Grants from the International Foundation for Science
The International Foundation for Science (IFS) provides support to young scientists of merit in developing countries by awarding research grants and providing grantees with additional services such as travel grants and purchasing assistance.
Research grants are awarded up to a maximum value of US$12,000 for a period of one to three years and may be renewed twice. They are intended for the purchase of equipment, expendable supplies, and literature.
Applicants must be citizens of, and carry out the research in, a developing country. They should also work at a university or national research institution in a developing country (countries in Europe, including Turkey and Cyprus, or the former Soviet Union do not qualify for support). As well as being under the age of 40 (under 30 for applicants from China) and at the start of their research career. Candidates must possess a higher academic degree, which should be at least an MSc or equivalent.
The IFS supports projects dealing with the management, use, and conservation of biological resources. The Foundation organises its activities into six Research Areas: Animal Production, Aquatic Resources, Crop Science, Food Science, Forestry/Agroforestry, and Natural Products.
For further information and application forms in English and French write to:
The International Network for the Availability of Scientific Publications
. Website: www.inasp.info
|The next INASP Newsletter will be published in November 2000. If you would like to contribute to its contents, please write to the editorial address above. Contributions must be received by 1 October 2000.|
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